While the world is in a state of emergency due to the spread of the coronavirus and the contagion of the first Colombian, in Colombia there is another reality equal to or worse than serious due to the 12,217 probable cases of dengue reported and the death of 22 people in the past. this year, according to the most recent report from the National Institute of Health.
Faced with this reality, the Colombian Institute of Tropical Medicine (ICMT), of the CES University of Medellín, warned about the critical panorama that the country is going through, since about 80% of the Colombian territory is at an altitude below 2,000 meters above sea level, which favors the presence of the mosquitoAedes AegyptiDengue transmitter.
“We come with a very noticeable increase in cases, declaring the country in an epidemic and at this moment, around 20 departments are in a dengue epidemic. If we refer to Antioquia, we currently have 475 cases and it places the department on alert ”, commented the ICMT epidemiologist, Dr. Katerine Marín Velásquez.
In the midst of the alarm and the worsening of temperatures in the national territory, the ICMT has been carrying out several projects and investigations in public health, with special emphasis on the Urabá region of Antioquia, to diagnose suspected cases of dengue in time.
“With dengue, at the ICMT we do research and diagnosis. We have, for example, the diagnostic service for patients with possible suspicion of dengue, which includes molecular tests to immunological tests such as Elisas, rapid tests and PCR. We have confirmed dengue infection in some of the patients ”, confirmed Dr. Marín Velásquez.
For the researchers of the Institute, Dengue is classified as: Dengue with alarm signs, Dengue without alarm signs and severe Dengue, the latter can be prevented in most cases, if the infection is diagnosed in time and if they are identified in a timely manner. warning signs to provide proper management.
“Once the mosquito, infected with the virus, bites a person, an incubation period is generated in the body. This incubation period will take between 3 and 14 days, that is, between the bite and the appearance of symptoms, between one and two weeks may pass ”, explained the researcher.
The disease is characterized by symptoms such as: fever, pain behind the eyes, skin rash, muscle and / or joint pain or even virus infection can cause bleeding and serious symptoms that can be fatal, for what is recommended to go immediately to medical consultation.
Warning signs for which to consult:
Severe and continuous abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, fluid accumulation (swelling in the extremities), mucosal bleeding, altered consciousness
-Remove the containers with stagnant water from the home from the workplace and study, where mosquitoes can lay eggs.
-The containers in use such as vases, flowerpots, and pet water basin should be washed at least once a week by scrubbing the interior walls.
-Avoid mosquito bites by wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants to cover the skin. Also use light-colored and repellent clothing.
-Cover the doors and windows with mesh and put mosquito nets in the baby's cribs.