The Colombian Sign Language Dictionary (LSC) was born from the research of teachers and students of the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Physiotherapy of the CES University of Medellín, and from the need of the Antioqueña Association of Deaf People (Asanso) to include new signs to improve health care for the deaf community in the country.
The purpose of this project is to make health professionals aware of the study of sign language and to recognize that the deaf community has the right to understand the health / disease process. The implementation of signs was supervised and endorsed by different deaf associations in the country, linguists and health professionals from CES University.
"This dictionary was born from the debt that health had in caring for the deaf community, giving them the possibility that they understand the disease they suffer from the health personnel," said Sandra Yaned Cadavid Mazo, professor at the School of Medicine.
In the Faculties of Physiotherapy and Medicine 150 new terms were designed in signs. Terms were incorporated to talk about some diseases, organs and diagnostic aids. Being a catalog that specifies general health terms. All this can be consulted by means of a human body atlas that allows the deaf patient and the health professional to have knowledge of them. They are divided into components such as the psychosocial, head and neck, thorax, abdomen, diagnostic aids and health areas.
“The deaf community was invited by the CES University to participate in the creation of the Colombian Sign Language Dictionary (LSC). We conducted interviews by focus groups, and we discovered common barriers that arise in communication between health personnel and the deaf community. ", expressed Roberto Antonio Escobar Orrego, director of Asanso.
It should be noted that the LSC Dictionary will be digital and can be found at Editorial CES. It can also be consulted through an application helping the deaf patient with an atlas of the human body that the App contains and that, when zooming in on any part of the body, a gif will appear with the corresponding sign and the given concept.
A second tab of the App will have modules to name professionals in health, medicines and paperwork issues that contextualize the deaf community and help staff with subsequent health care.
“It is a digital dictionary accessible to the entire population. It is also an important tool for health professionals, because there they will be able to identify the signs for some concepts that are normally used in care, ”said Alejandra Lopera Escobar, a research professor at the Faculty of Physiotherapy.
The dictionary was a project supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology. Its dissemination will take place between the end of the first semester of 2021 and the beginning of the second semester.