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Hand washing

Washing is defined as a brief and vigorous scrubbing of all hand surfaces with an antimicrobial solution, followed by rinsing with a stream of water. It seeks to remove dirt, organic material and reduce the concentration of transient flora, acquired by recent contact with patients or fomites (contaminated objects or surfaces).

Hand washing should be done at the beginning and at the end of the work day.
Before and after performing invasive procedures.

Clinical Hand Washing Technique

  • Use liquid antimicrobial soap
  • Wet your hands with running water
  • Use a soap application completely on the hands, rub vigorously for 1 minute covering the entire hand and fingers
  • Rinse with plenty of water and pat dry with disposable towels
  • Use the same towel to close the faucet to avoid recontamination

Surgical Hand Washing Technique

  • Use liquid antimicrobial soap
  • The key can be operated with the pedal or with the elbow
  • Wet hands with water, apply soap, scrub vigorously for a period of 5 minutes on the first wash and 3 minutes on subsequent washes
  • Covers all surfaces of nails, fingers, hands, reaching up to the crease of the elbow, do it in a circular way and without returning to the already rubbed areas
  • Rinse with abundant water tilting the elbows upwards favoring the flow towards the elbows
  • Due to the lack of proximity to a water source, it is advisable to use glycerinated alcohol between patient and patient. Handwashing with soap and water will be done after patient care.
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