1. Avoid contact of the skin and mucous membranes with blood and other body fluids from any patient, and not only take precautionary measures with those who already have an infectious disease diagnosed.
2. Always wear gloves for any procedure performed on patients that involves contact with blood and other body fluids that are considered universal precaution fluids, non-intact skin, mucous membranes, or blood-contaminated surfaces.
3. Wash your hands immediately before and after performing any procedure, having contact with blood or body fluids, or treating any patient. Gloves are never a substitute for hand washing, since the quality of the gloves is variable and they do not prevent punctures.
4. Wear a mask and protective glasses during procedures that generate drops of blood or body fluids; This measure prevents exposure of the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes.
5. Use protective aprons (waterproof) when during contact with a patient there is the possibility of generating explosive or pressure output of blood or body fluids: abscess drainage.
6. Always use the necessary elements to carry out adequate cardiorespiratory resuscitation, so that you do not expose yourself to potential sources of infection.
7. Pay special attention to the handling of work utensils so that all accidents with needles, scalpels and any sharps can be avoided. For this, it is recommended, in addition to concentrating on activities, to avoid any needle repackaging procedure, scalpel blade rupture or any type of manipulation other than the indicated use. All sharp implements must be discarded in guards, arranged in each service for this purpose.
8. When skin is not intact due to exudative lesions or dermatitis, avoid direct contact with patients who may be actively eliminating blood or body fluids.